African nations gather to support a ban on cluster bombs

Thursday, April 3, 2008

A 39-nation coalition in Africa passed a declaration on Tuesday to ban cluster bombs in a nearly unanimous vote. The gathering in Lukasa, Zambia was the first meeting of the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) in Africa.

“Africa is ready for Dublin,” summarised Zambian delegate Robert Mtonga, referring to the upcoming May 19-30 meeting in Ireland to discuss a global ban on the weapons. “Too often Africa’s voice is pushed to the margins in international decision-making. But in banning cluster bombs worldwide, a common African voice will speak volumes and win the day”.

Too often Africa’s voice is pushed to the margins in international decision-making. But in banning cluster bombs worldwide, a common African voice will speak volumes and win the day.

Mtonga was critical of South Africa, the lone voice against Monday’s decision and the continent’s largest producer and stockpiler of cluster bombs, and called on the country to destroy its munitions and join the coalition to outlaw their use. Egypt, the only other African nation to produce the controversial weapons, voiced support for the ban.

“Strong political will” was credited with the resolution, by CMC co-ordinator Thomas Nash in recognising the drive “to stop the proliferation of this outdated weapon”.

In a released statement the CMC said that 19 African countries, including South Africa, have endorsed the Wellington Declaration. The Wellington Declaration is the basis for the upcoming negotiations at the Dublin Diplomatic Conference in Ireland in May.

While countries such as Germany and the United Kingdom have tabled the idea of a “transition period” during which time cluster bombs would remain a legitimate weapon of war, the African delegation was resolutely against the idea, calling for an immediate ban.

Cluster munitions are dropped from aircraft, opening in mid-air and releasing a large number of smaller explosives over a wide area. Writer Theodora Williams stated that their use usually results in “…the death and maiming of thousands of innocent civilians”.

There are currently 13 African nations that possess cluster bombs although Uganda has recently announced they are destroying their stockpiles. The weapons have been used in eight African conflicts in the past 35 years. In addition to Ethiopia, Morocco, Nigeria and the Sudan, other nations known to have used the weapons are the former Yugoslavia, Eritrea, France, Israel, the Netherlands, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tajikistan, the United Kingdom and the United States.

According to the San Francisco Chronicle, the United States, China, Russia, and Israel have resisted any ban on cluster bombs, arguing that they can be used in self-defense. The San Francisco Chronicle reported that the United States has lobbied allies to create loopholes in the upcoming Oslo treaty, to allow for the use of cluster bombs. Reuters reported that a U.S. official had stated that cluster bombs should not be banned if they are used responsibly in state conflicts.

In October 2007, Uganda became the first African country to state it would destroy its cluster bomb stockpiles. Uganda has announced a pan-African meeting to take place after the Dublin meeting, which would seek to garner support for the signing of a treaty in Oslo set to take place in December 2008. The weapons have been used in eight African conflicts in the past 35 years.

The CMC is an international network composed of over 250 civil society organizations in 60 countries, with the stated aim of protecting civilians from cluster munitions. Members of the CMC have been working to complete an international treaty to ban cluster munitions by 2008.

At the February CMC committee meeting in New Zealand, only 82 of the 122 nations present endorsed a draft ban on the production, usage or storage of cluster bombs.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=African_nations_gather_to_support_a_ban_on_cluster_bombs&oldid=774203”

IBM to launch software that works on Linux, Windows and Macintosh

Monday, February 12, 2007

On Sunday the representatives of International Business Machines Inc. said that the company will launch its new desktop software system for businesses. IBM’s new product is called “Open Client Offering”. The company hopes that its product will put Macintosh or Linux software on a more equal footing with Windows.

The Open Client Offering software was developed by IBM in-house, as well as with partners like Novell Inc. and Red Hat Inc. It is to answer the questions regarding the cost-effectiveness of managing Linux or Apple desktop personal computers alongside Windows PCs.

IBM officials stated that Open Client Offering will allow enterprises to use the same software on Windows, Linux or Apple’s OS X. It will be unnecessary for companies using Open Client to pay Microsoft for licenses for operations because these will no longer rely on Windows-based software.

Scott Handy, IBM’s vice president of Linux and open source, stated that the company worked together with the open source community and in the end found a way to develop a software that is able to function regardless of the operating system.

To create an alternative to Microsoft, IBM is going to offer Open Document Format software that the company developed for word processing, spreadsheets or presentations, instant messaging and blog tools and Internet Explorer’s long time rival – Firefox Web browser.

The software developers at IBM believe that the usage of Open Client Offering can cut the cost of managing applications as well as maintenance and cost regarding customer support on company networks that require other software rather than Windows.

PSA Peugeot Citroen, being the second largest car manufacturer, signed a multi-year agreement with Novell, which is the provider of Linux software, to run Linux on its 20,000 desktop PCs. In addition Linux will be installed on 2,500 server computers.

RedMonk’s analyst, Stephen O’Grady, said that today there is a strong appetite for Windows alternatives. However, he said, this doesn’t mean that the alternatives are to displace Windows wholesales. O’Grady outlined that no one is going to significantly damage the desktop dominance of Microsoft.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=IBM_to_launch_software_that_works_on_Linux,_Windows_and_Macintosh&oldid=426122”

Wikinews interviews former Republican U.S. Senator Bob Smith on his latest run for office

Sunday, June 21, 2009

Earlier this month, former Republican U.S. Senator Bob Smith announced his candidacy for Florida’s open Senate seat in the 2010 midterm election. Smith, who was one of New Hampshire’s senators for two terms — which amounts to twelve years — said he is running for office in his recently adopted home state due to his disapproval of the direction in which America is headed. He is very optimistic about the conservative change he can potentially bring to Congress which is currently controlled by liberal-minded members of the Democratic Party.

Smith has, however, some major hurdles to overcome in the Republican primary. He is facing two well known politicians who have been elected to statewide office numerous times. The chief of these is current Governor Charlie Crist, a moderate-to-liberal who is currently leading in the polls. The second is former Speaker of the Florida House Marco Rubio, a center-right 38-year-old who has been criticizing Crist for months on the support he has shown for President Barack Obama’s controversial economic stimulus package.

Despite trailing both in recent polls, Smith believes that the polls themselves are irrelevant as the primary is over one year away. He is devoting the remainder of this summer to building up grassroots and financial support for his campaign.

Wikinews reporter Joseph Ford had the opportunity to speak with him about his run this past weekend.

“We must deliver a message that appeals to all members of the Republican Party, and that will appeal to Floridians in the general election,” Smith proclaimed. “I am in this race because I want to make my experience as a U.S. Senator available to my fellow Floridians.”

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Wikinews_interviews_former_Republican_U.S._Senator_Bob_Smith_on_his_latest_run_for_office&oldid=3096467”

Foods For High Blood Pressure 5 Foods That Are Essential For A Healthy Eating Plan}

Foods for High Blood Pressure – 5 Foods that are Essential for a Healthy Eating Plan

by

Alvin Hopkinson

Hypertension is considerably dangerous and must be managed appropriately to alleviate further damaging medical conditions. On most occasions, physicians describe medication to control and lower high blood pressure. Unfortunately, the medications sustain excruciating and annoying side effects.

Research indicates that there are a variety of foods for high blood pressure that can both reduce the risk of developing hypertension and lowering an existing elevated blood pressure. Creating a healthy eating plan will decrease the risk of living an unhealthy lifestyle.

Here is a list of foods that you should include in your diet.

Vegetarian Diet

Medical experts suggest that a vegetarians diet contains the wholesome ingredients that are essential to deter high blood pressure. People who choose to eliminate meats from their diets, specifically, vegetarians, have significantly lower blood pressure level and reduced incidents of hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions. A vegetarians diet offers more potassium, complex carbohydrates, polyunsaturated fats, fiber, calcium, magnesium, vitamin C and vitamin A.

Fiber

A high- fiber diet indicates treatment and prevention of many forms of cardiovascular disease to include high blood pressure. The types of dietary fiber that you eat are important to determine effectiveness. Hypertension is most affected by water soluble gel- forming fibers such as oat bran, apple pectin, psyllium seeds, and guar gum.

In addition to reversing the development or progression of high blood pressure, these fibers are also beneficial for reducing cholesterol levels, promote weight and loss, and filter out heavy metals, of which are all contributors to hypertension. Just one (1) to three (3) tablespoons of an herbal combination of all of the above mentioned fibers will make a major difference.

Sugar

Many people are unaware that the common table sugar or sucrose elevates blood pressure. There is a possibility, according to experts, that the sugar stimulates the adrenalin; thereby increasing blood vessel constriction and sodium retention. A diet that is high in potassium foods, such as vegetables and fruits and essential fatty acids would decrease and eliminate sucrose intake.

Salt

In relation to hypertension, the key to a healthy eating plan is to consume meals that are lower in sodium. A high consumption of sodium along with low levels of potassium in your body results in high fluid volume and immediate dysfunction of blood pressure regulating mechanisms. Essentially, a high potassium- low sodium diet is extremely effective.

For instance, during the occurrence of mental anguish or stress, the diet will reduce the blood vessels constricting effects on adrenalin. The American Heart Association recommends that you limit the intake of sodium to less than 2.4 grams daily.

Vegetables and Spices

Other foods for high blood pressure include vegetable s and spices. These foods provide substances needed to control hypertension. Some key vegetables and spices to incorporate into your healthy eating plan are celery, garlic, onion, tomato, broccoli, carrot, saffron, and assorted spices. Using any or all of these foods in your diet is guaranteed to lower elevated blood pressure and alleviate the potential for other cardiovascular diseases.

Alvin Hopkinson is a leading researcher of various

high blood pressure

treatments. He runs an informational website that provides free tips to lower your hypertension and unbiased reviews on medications such as

Coreg

. To take advantage of of such solid resources, visit Alvin’s site at

minusbloodpressure.com

Article Source:

Foods for High Blood Pressure – 5 Foods that are Essential for a Healthy Eating Plan}

BP: Plug for underwater oil leak in Gulf of Mexico fails

Sunday, May 30, 2010

The top kill procedure implemented by BP on the leaking Deepwater Horizon oil well on Wednesday has failed. According to David Suttles, BP’s chief operating officer, “We have been unable to overcome the flow.” Suttles stated that after studying three days of results, BP determined that the procedure was a failure.

On Wednesday, BP began pumping mud into the leaking well, a procedure known as top kill. BP chief executive Tony Howard said it would take at least 24 hours to determine if the procedure was successful. The procedure has worked before in surface situations, but was not previously attempted at 5,000 feet underwater.

The procedure involves pumping heavyweight drilling mud from the surface through a drill pipe, which directs the mud into a manifold lying on the sea bed. From the manifold, the mud is pumped into the blowout preventer, which is sitting on the well.

BP says it pumped 30,000 barrels of mud into the well at rates of up to 80 barrels a minute. After three attempts, the well was still leaking.

The next option, the sixth, is called the Lower Marine Riser Package (LMRP) Cap containment system. This procedure involves a ROV using a saw to cut off the leaking pipe and place a cap on the pipe. The LMRP Cap is at the scene and the procedure is expected to take four days to complete.

In New Orleans hundreds gathered in protest, calling for a fast stop to the spill and greater efforts to mitigate its ecological and economic effects.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=BP:_Plug_for_underwater_oil_leak_in_Gulf_of_Mexico_fails&oldid=4499026”

Markets dragged down by credit crisis

Friday, August 10, 2007

Global stock markets fell today, in a mass sell-off stemming from the sub-prime mortgage crisis in the United States. The Dow Jones Industrial Average rebounded late in the day after falling more than 250 points, ending the day down about 31 points. The UK’s FTSE-100 index fell 232.90 points to 6038.30, and Japan’s Nikkei 225 fell 406.51 points to 16764.09.

Central banks across the world are injecting funds into their banking systems to add liquidity, fearing that many financial firms with subprime ties will be insolvent. Yesterday, the U.S. Federal Reserve transferred US$24 billion to temporary reserves, following the European Central Bank, which authorized a record €83.6 billion addition to its banks, its biggest cash infusion ever. On Friday, the Fed entered into a $38 billion repurchase agreement of mortgage-backed securities, easing stockholder worries. Also on Friday, the Bank of Japan injected ¥1 trillion into Japan’s financial system.

The Federal Reserve met this week, but decided to maintain its target rate of 5.25%, although on Friday the federal funds rate was hovering around 6%, indicating a drop in liquidity.

The volatile week began last Friday with Bear Stearns tumbling as a result from its complete loss of two major hedge funds worth more than $1.5 billion. The hedge funds had been dangerously exposed to the massive sub-prime mortgage failure, and the company announced it was unable to return any money to investors.

Washington Mutual, and Countrywide Financial, both very large U.S. home loan lenders, saw shares fall. Countrywide Financial made a statement this week, saying they will be forced to retain a greater proportion of mortgage. American Home Mortgage Investment Corp, another large lender, recently filed for bankruptcy. The U.S. housing market has been declining for more than two years after the Federal Reserve raised interest rates 17 times. Now, lenders are in a quagmire from millions of people who are unable to repay loans after taking adjustable rate mortgages, teaser rates, interest-only mortgages, or piggyback rates.

Jim Cramer, of CNBC’s Mad Money, remarked that as many as seven million people will lose their homes from bad mortgages. Last Friday, Cramer went on a tirade on CNBC’s Street Signs, saying that the “Fed was asleep” and called for them to lower rates immediately.

Asian and European markets have become increasingly entangled in the subprime mortgage crisis in the U.S. Deutsche Bank of Germany lost almost $3.5 billion in share value, forcing the government to organize a bail-out. France’s largest bank, BNP Paribas SA, halted withdrawals from three large investment funds which were crippled by sub-prime exposure.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Markets_dragged_down_by_credit_crisis&oldid=2295789”

Important Services Offered By Electrical Contractors

Important Services Offered by Electrical Contractors

by

Armando Witt

An electrical contractor can offer a variety of services to your business. An electrical contractor is a person or firm that performs specialized construction work associated with the design, installation, and maintenance of electrical systems. Electrical contractors ensure that everything from high-voltage power transmission to low-voltage lighting systems work in a safe, effective, and environmentally-sound manner. This article will highlight various services of an electric contractor, including high voltage installation and testing, horizontal directional drilling and trenching, cable laying, jointing, and testing, and fault finding services.

High Voltage Installation & Testing

High voltage cable testing will maximize the dependability of motors, generators, and transformers. Routinely testing your cables is important because testing will determine if there are any existing issues. Potential problems can cause damage over time and may eventually cause your cables to fail. These problems may result from defects in installation or a mis-wire. Although low voltage testing can determine if there is a dead short in the wires, high voltage cable testing is necessary when wires are not physically touching. By ensuring proper high voltage installation, an electrical contractor will minimize the risk of potential high voltage problems.

YouTube Preview Image

Horizontal Directional Drilling & Trenching

Horizontal directional drilling is also referred to as directional boring. Horizontal directional drilling, or HDD, is a steerable trenchless method of installing underground pipes, cables, and conduits in a small arc following a given bore path. This is done by using a surface launched drilling rig, which leaves minimal impact on the adjacent areas. There are several benefits of HDD, including low cost and low impact on the environment. An electrical contractor can cater to your drilling needs and utilize horizontal directional drilling when necessary.

Cable Laying, Jointing, & Testing

Cable laying services install fiber optic cable or copper cable in different structures or over large distances. Cable laying can involve low voltage, medium voltage, and/or high voltage lines. It is essential that all high voltage and medium voltage cable installations are performed under the required standards and according to each individual manufacturer\’s recommendations. Horizontal directional drilling equipment is often used for underground cable laying services. An experienced electrical contractor will ensure proper cable laying procedures and perform the appropriate tests to determine any potential problems.

Fault Finding Services

An electrical fault is any abnormal flow of electric current. For example, a fault in which current flow exceeds the normal load is called a short circuit. There are several different types of electrical faults including transient, persistent, symmetric, and asymmetric faults. Electrical contractors provide sheath fault locating and high voltage cable fault finding by utilizing fault finding equipment such as thumper and burndown units. A thumper test set provides a high-energy, high-voltage pulse to the cable.

An electrical contractor can provide proper electrical installation and perform tests to determine any potential problems. Through services such as high voltage installation and testing, horizontal directional drilling and trenching, cable laying, jointing, and testing, and fault finding services, electrical contractors maximize the effectiveness and safety of your electrical equipment.

Electrical connections if not done by certified professionals can lead to short circuiting which can cause some very serious damage to life as well as property. Hence it is essential to contact an established electrical maintenance company supplying

communication installation

services and preferably at reasonable prices. Click

here

to know more.

Article Source:

ArticleRich.com

Iconic London mural could be restored

Monday, September 20, 2010

One of London’s most well known murals could be restored after years of neglect if plans by a group of community activists gain public support. The Fitzrovia Mural at Whitfield Gardens on London’s Tottenham Court Road was created by two mural artists and commissioned by Camden Council in 1980, but the mural has since decayed and been vandalised.

Plans will be presented at a public meeting this Tuesday, to include details of the restoration and promote local public space in contrast to potential commercial developments and the focus of the London 2012 Olympics. If enough funds are raised from charitable trusts and public donations the mural could be restored during the summer of 2011.

Plans to be put forward by the Fitzrovia Neighbourhood Association, and the London Mural Preservation Society, will present ways to fund not only the restoration work but also projects to raise awareness of conservation, heritage, and the residential and working community. The heritage and mural project hopes to involve many local people who could learn new conservation skills. Also planned are workshops with local children to involve them in their heritage, an exhibition by local artists, guided tours and a celebratory event at the end of the restoration project. In addition to this, a booklet would be produced containing collected oral histories of the people involved and a preservation trust to protect the mural in future years.

The playful painting was created on a Camden Council-owned building in 1980 by artists Mick Jones, (son of the late Jack Jones, trade union leader) and Simon Barber and is a mash up of scenes depicting problems faced by the neighbourhood over the preceding decade.

There is also a caricature of poet Dylan Thomas, who lived in Fitzrovia, and a mocking portrayal of then leader of the Greater London Council, Conservative politician Horace Cutler, who is pictured as a bat-like creature. Other characters include an anonymous greedy developer and a property speculator counting piles of cash.

Peter Whyatt of the neighbourhood association is jointly leading the project to restore the mural. Yesterday he told Wikinews he had a number of concerns about the possible success of the project.

“There are a great number of problems with getting this project off the ground and we also need to act pretty quickly for a number of reasons,” said Mr Whyatt.

“Firstly the mural is in a terrible state and deteriorating quickly. There is more graffiti being daubed on the site every month because one bit of graffiti attracts another bit. We really need to start the work in the next 12 months because going through another winter with the condition of the wall will causes more problems and inevitably more expense. We want to keep as much original artwork on the site as possible to keep the costs down. This is a big mural and it will be expensive to restore,” he continued.

“And that brings me to my second concern: cost. If we don’t get other community organisations on board to bid for money for this with us and to involve their beneficiaries and volunteers, it will be very difficult to secure the money needed. Money is very tight at the moment because to the current financial climate. We need to get support at this meeting on Tuesday and some firm commitments from people and organisations to get involved.

“Lastly there is a danger of a commercial development on the site. A public-private partnership to create a new art feature. Because of the existing mural’s subject matter – it mocks property speculators, and land developers, etc – a commercial scheme probably backed by a property developer would not want to restore the mural’s original message. They’d want some “good news” scheme, some greenwash idea that paints them in a positive light.

“However, despite these problems, Camden Council have offered to do a condition survey on the mural. This will save us a lot of money. But having said that there are five council departments to deal with to get permission for this restoration work, and they don’t always talk to each other.

“But if the public and local voluntary organisations show their support, we can make it happen,” Mr Whyatt concluded.

The mural restoration will be just one part of a year long project of heritage and conservation awareness-raising. “The project is not just about the mural but also wider plans to promote awareness of heritage and conservation in an area of London under threat from commercial development. In fact the bulk of the project is about the heritage and conservation and the mural is just one part of it, and the most visible because of its situation,” Mr Whyatt later added.

There will be a public meeting about the heritage and mural project at 7.30 pm tomorrow (Tuesday), at the Neighbourhood Centre, 39 Tottenham Street. The public can also comment about the proposals on the Fitzrovia Heritage and Mural website.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Iconic_London_mural_could_be_restored&oldid=2584811”

Category:October 15, 2005

? October 14, 2005
October 16, 2005 ?
October 15

Pages in category “October 15, 2005”

Media in category “October 15, 2005”

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Category:October_15,_2005&oldid=1091037”

E Cigarettes Vs Tobacco Dependence Study

August, 2015 byadmin

Electronic cigarettes (often referred to as “e-cigs”) have become increasingly popular over the past few years, but relatively few electronic cigarette scientific studies have been conducted to determine whether or not e-cigarettes are likely to produce a lower level of physical dependency than traditional cigarettes. A recent study spearheaded by Dr. Jonathan Foulds, Professor of Public Health Sciences at Penn State College of Medicine, has aimed to remedy this lack of publicly available scientific research by way of conducting an online survey of over 3,600 current and former smokers who now use e-cigarettes as an alternative nicotine delivery system. The study found that most current e-cigarette users actually feel “less addicted” to e-cigarettes than they did when using traditional tobacco cigarettes.

The survey indicated that although e-cigarette users may not have changed their overall amount of nicotine intake (24 tobacco cigarettes per day versus 24 e-cigarettes per day), they did experience a noticeable decrease in the amount of withdrawal symptoms that normally accompany smoking cessation, such as irritability and physical urges. Below are some other interesting data points that were mined from the study:

* E-cigarette users did not feel the need to vape right after they wake up in the morning, a sharp contrast to the typical early morning cigarette urge that most traditional tobacco users experience.

* Most e-cig users could now make it through an entire night without waking up in the middle of the night to satisfy a nicotine craving.

* Roughly two-thirds of the survey participants reported a major reduction in nicotine cravings once they switched to e-cigarettes.

* Only 25% of participants reported feeling any kind of anxiety, irritability or nervousness when they were not able to use their e-cigarette. This is a sharp contrast to the over 90% of traditional tobacco cigarette smokers who experienced these types of symptoms.

Although there has been quite a bit of speculation as to what exactly accounts for the difference in physical dependency symptoms between e-cigarettes and tobacco cigarettes, one of the most commonly accepted explanations is that e-cigarettes on average deliver less nicotine than traditional cigarettes. This is thought to help keep nicotine levels in users’ blood lower than what is typically experienced with tobacco cigarettes. The accessibility of e-cigarettes is also thought to be a factor; there is a certain amount of “craving buildup” that can happen when a person is not allowed to smoke in public facilities, which can sometimes lead to nicotine binges when they finally do get an opportunity to step outside and have a smoke. Since vaping is typically allowed in public places, users are better able to keep their nicotine cravings at bay.

Breathe Intelligent Cigarette provides the public with educational information regarding the Electronic Cigarette Industry. Please visit breatheic.com to learn more and to purchase electronic cigarette, vaping, and e-hookah products including wholesale distribution.

« Older posts

© 2020 maagoogle.com

Theme by Anders NorenUp ↑