Category: Used Cars

Mileage Reimbursement Managing Income Efficiently

As technology continues to take over seemingly every field of every industry, there is one thing that it can’t replace, a good old fashioned face to face meeting. Every day, a slew of people make their living on the road, traveling to existing clients or attempting to sign new ones. These workers are often reimbursed for their business travels, using a system that is more fit for the stone age than the modern day. An employee will write down his miles travelled for work, and hand his boss a stack of papers at the end of the month with all his travel scribbles.

There is more than one problem with this mileage reimbursement system. Beyond the fact that it is a time consuming, ancient and unpractical method, it is also prone to exploitation. Employees can easily miscalculate their supposed mileage, or knowingly alter it. The documents can get damaged or misplaced, and all of this can end up costing you, as an employer, time and money. There has been no way around this flawed process, until recently when a device was released that solved all of the aforementioned issues.


Half GPS device, half intelligent robot from the future, the technology built into these mileage logging devices as of late is outstanding. Coming in a few varieties to match your specific needs, it is very apparent that this type of technology will eventually be in the vehicle of every employee who is on the road for his or her company. So what is this mystical device? A mileage logger with built in GPS technology that plugs into your car’s power source. It is the perfect solution for employers as it is astoundingly accurate and automated.

As an employer, you will have peace of mind that you are given the correct mileage calculations for your drivers, day in and day out. With this technology you can easily activate and deactivate your employee’s devices, and collect the generated mileage reports. It is no longer your employees word over yours, now you get objective data direct from this GPS tracking technology. It is easy to segregate which trips should be tracked and which shouldn’t, and you can even track which employee was at any given customer at any time.

So while there is still no technological replacement for having drivers on the road, this solution provides the best method of tracking your employees and providing proper mileage reimbursement. It is fair, accurate, and couldn’t be easier. If you are looking for a better way to ensure that your staff are tracking their travels accurately, without needing a PHD in computing, look for a feature rich GPS mileage logger.

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For more information on mileage reimbursement, car logbook and mileage log visit Author: Mike Nielson

The Two Most Trusted And Time Tested Swing Trading Indicators

By Creztor Tessel

The trend is your friend; this is a very common phrase that is used frequently in the trading world. However, some things are easier said than done. Every trader knows the trend is his friend, but which swing trading indicators should one use to take advantage of the trend? When used properly, trading indicators can make entry and exit of trades easy, but the difficult is in knowing which indicator you should use. As technology has advanced over the years, there has been a huge increase in the number and kind of indicators traders have available. To get a head start on your path to trading successfully, one needs to know which indicators are worth your time and which ones should be ignored. Some of the most popular trading indicators are MACD, Stochastics, Moving Averages and trend lines.

Moving averages are very popular in the trading world. One of the reasons for this is that they are possibly the oldest and first kind of indicators used by traders. Thanks to this they have gained a reputation of being the most widely used and trusted kind of indicator. Many professional stock traders around the world use moving averages to determine trend in the markets. There are several kinds of moving averages; simple, exponential, weighted and many more. Despite the kind of moving average, these indicators are frequently used to spot the trend and determine areas of support and resistance. A trader armed with this kind of information can fine tune their entry and exit increasing their returns.


Building upon the power of moving averages, the MACD is another very commonly used and highly valued trading indicator. The MACD is based on two moving averages and has multiple uses. This single indicator can be used to determine the trend of a market, spot areas of divergence and also be used to generate entry and exit signals for trades. There probably isn’t any other indicator that is as versatile and unique as the MACD. The MACD is a momentum indicator and as such is also used to identify areas where markets may be approaching their limit and readying for a pull back. It is no wonder that the MACD is so widely used by professional and corporate traders around the world.

These are just two of the many swing trading indicators that traders have at their dispose. If you are just starting out then it would be advised that you stick to indicators that are well known, trusted and widely used by the trading community and successful traders. Moving averages and the MACD are just two indicators that fall into this category of being proven and reliable. When used properly, moving averages offer any trader the ability to identify the trend and areas of support and resistance at a glance. MACD goes one step further and allows insight into momentum of the market which gives you the advantage of knowing when the market may be running out of steam. These two trading indicators have stood the test of time and should be a trading tool for any new trader.

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Cars For Sale In Manitowoc Wi For What You Need

byAlma Abell

Buying a new car is one of those things that you only get to do a handful of times in your life. Unless you are one of those people who like to trade-up a lot with your cars, there is a pretty good chance that you are only going to be buying a new car once every ten years or so. The thing is, too many people look for cars that are only going to last them for a couple of years, with the idea that they are going to be able to purchase a new car somewhere sooner rather than later down the line. When you are looking for Cars For Sale in Manitowoc WI, it is always a good idea to look for a car that is going to last you for the long-term so if you need a car for ten years or more, you are going to be able to get a car that is going to last you.

Here’s the thing about looking for a new car: you don’t have to worry too much about the individual car that you are buying and instead pay attention more to the car brand that you are dealing with. It is the make or model that is going to tell you that you whether or not you are going to have a car that is going to last you for north of a decade. By taking the time to research different makes and models, and using the dealers on the lot to get an idea of what certain cars will bring you, you will find yourself in a situation where you will get the kind of car that is right for you.

When you are looking for Cars For Sale in Manitowoc WI, you want to make sure that you are able to find a dealer that you feel you can trust. You don’t want a sales person, you want someone who is going to guide you through your search. In addition, you also want to get a chance to take a thorough test drive of what is out there, making sure that you get what you want on the road. One option you want to take a look at is the Sheboygan Auto Group, which you can find more info on at sheboygan Auto Group

Bridge Rectifier For Diode Rectified Alternating Current Generator

Bridge rectifier is used to rectify current output from alternative current sources, such as an alternating current generator. Bridge rectifiers for motor vehicle alternators are well known in the art and generally include two metal parts used as heat sinks that are electrically insulated from each other. As a result of the current which is transmitted therethrough, the bridge rectifier becomes heated due to the internal power loss on each individual diode. Thus, the bridge rectifier must be properly cooled in order to handle the maximum required current while still being tolerant to increased temperatures due to internal power losses.

Each of the metal parts or carrier plates include semiconductor diodes which are arranged to polarize the two metal parts into respective positive and negative direct voltage output terminals. The diodes are then connected to respective phase windings of an output winding of the alternating current generator.

The rectifier diodes are connected to respective carrier plates, and these carrier plates are used as heat sinks for these diodes as well. The rectifier diodes are typically inserted by pressure in receiving bore holes of the carrier plate or heat sink, or are soldered to the carrier plate using appropriate solder alloys. The end wires connected to the rectifier diodes enable the rectifier diodes to be connected to external sources.

The heat sinks are typically constructed in the shape of a circle or crescent and are fastened in the same plane to the alternating current generator.

Various difficulties or problems have occurred using this standard diode rectifier. For example, since the diode rectifier is mounted to an alternating current generator which is used with a motor, there are space limitations within the motor, for example, which limit the size of the diode rectifier. One prior art solution to this problem is constructing or fabricating the carrier plates which are connected to the rectifier diodes into a shape which is more than a half circle approximating the circular shape of the alternating current generator. The carrier plates are constructed as a positive heat sink and a negative heat sink and the two heat sinks are arranged coaxially in separate planes spaced apart by an axial distance from one another. See, for example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,952,829 to Armbruster et al., incorporated herein by reference.


Another problem which has been experienced with diode rectifiers includes the need to carefully match the diode characteristics in order to avoid imbalance in the amount of current conducted by the individual diodes. If thermal imbalance is experienced, certain diodes will increase current flow which may result in thermal runaway. Thermal runaway involves a diode which is unable to regulate its current flow and temperature. In this situation, the diode conducts increased current and experiences increased temperature until the individual diode is no longer able to conduct such a high current or experience such a high temperature, and the diode becomes destroyed. Frequently, thermal runaway results in the destruction of an individual diode, and the destroyed diode becomes short circuited thereby rendering the entire bridge rectifier inoperative.

Another problem which has been encountered in bridge rectifiers is that the bridge rectifiers must not only be able to withstand normal battery charging current, but must also be able to supply current, perhaps as much as ten times the normal charging current. These increased current situations may occur, for example, when the motor vehicle is being started. Bridge rectifiers, as discussed, are typically unable to absorb or conduct these types of excess currents and are also unable to rapidly dissipate the resulting heat. Thus, the heat generated within the bridge rectifier may destroy the individual diodes. In order for bridge rectifiers to handle these types of excessive currents and heat, it becomes necessary to utilize a bridge rectifier which has higher current handling capability. Due to the space limitations of the alternating current generator, it then becomes very difficult to provide such a bridge rectifier from a feasibility standpoint as well as at an economical cost.

A further attempt at increasing the current capacity and heat dissipating characteristics of the bridge rectifier includes the mounting of semiconductor diode chips onto first and second metallic heat sinks which are electrically insulated from each other by a thin sheet of electrical insulating material. The diode chips are then covered by a protective insulating coating after connection to the respective heat sink. One of the metallic heat sinks includes a finned area which is subjected to cooling air when the bridge rectifier is mounted to the generator. The heat sink with the plurality of fins includes twelve air passages. This type of bridge rectifier is shown in U.S. Pat. No. 4,606,000 to Steele et al., incorporated herein by reference.

FIGS. 1a-1b are illustrations of a similar bridge rectifier as depicted in Steele et al. In FIG. 1a, combined alternator cover and carrier plate 2 includes carrier plate or heat sink 4 connected to alternator cover 6 (only partially depicted to expose underlying plate 4). Carrier plate 4 includes receiving bore holes 8 which are formed for receiving the diodes. Carrier plate 4 includes alternator mounting holes 10 for mounting carrier plate 4 to the alternator cover 6 via standard connection means such as a bolt or screw connection. Alternator cover 6 includes three main alternator air passages which interact with the twelve air passages 14 in corner plate 4, thereby cooling radiating fins 13. As depicted in FIG. 1b (alternator cover 6 omitted for simplicity), carrier plate 4 is of a rectangular shape (in side view) having the air passages 14 completely disposed within carrier plate 4.

FIG. 2 is an illustration of the positioning of the bridge rectifier 1 within a standard alternating current generator generally designated with reference letter G. As depicted in FIG. 2, the completely assembled bridge rectifier 1 which includes carrier plate 4 and cover 1a is connected to alternator cover 6 via any standard connection means, such as screws 7. Reference numeral 3 denotes the bottom of carrier plate 4, while reference numeral 5 denotes the top of carrier plate 4. Bridge rectifier 1 is also connected to regulator 9. As mentioned previously, the standard bridge rectifier shown in Steele et al. and FIGS. 1a-1b are well known in the art and may also be purchased from Wetherill Associates, Inc. of Royersford, Pa. as part no. 31-113 including cover part no. 46-1858.

While there have been, as described above, several attempts to increase the current and heat capacity of the bridge rectifier, none of these prior attempts have been completely satisfactory. That is, none of these prior art attempts have increased the current and heat capacity of the bridge rectifier in an economical manner.

As a result of our dissatisfaction with existing bridge rectifiers, we have discovered a significant problem which is the basis of the poor performance characteristics of prior art bridge rectifiers. This problem resides in the poor performance characteristics of the carrier plate, and the resulting defects or failures which arise therefrom. In addition, we have also recognized that while the surface area of the carrier plate is restricted by the circular shape of the alternating current generator, the depth of the carrier plate is not. Also, we have discovered new configurations of the carrier plate which more evenly distribute the electric current and resulting heat and more efficiently cool the carrier plate by facilitating increased passage or flow of air through the carrier plate.

The electrical current through a diode creates heat. The heat affects negatively the current capability of a diode. Thus, temperature/current capability are in opposite relation. Over a given temperature a diode is destroyed. Therefore on an alternator which generates high current, it is most necessary to cool the diodes by heat sinks and improve the heat dissipation of the heat sinks by increasing the mass and flowing air over/through them.

The present invention satisfies the above features and benefits by providing an improved bridge rectifier for an alternating current generator including a first heat sink having a first set of diodes, and an insulating layer disposed on the first heat sink. In addition, the improved bridge rectifier includes a second heat sink disposed on the insulating layer. The second heat sink includes a base section including first and second areas, a second set of diodes, and diode receiving holes in the base section and receiving the second set of diodes therein. The second heat sink also includes a plateau section disposed on the first area of the base section, and air passages disposed in and extending through the base and plateau sections. The improved bridge rectifier further includes connectors, connecting the first heat sink and the second heat sink together with the insulating layer disposed therebetween, a cover connected to the base section and covering the second area of the base section, and a capacitor connected to the cover and to the second heat sink.

The second heat sink includes at least one of the following: air passages which include external air passage slots opening an external portion of the air passages in the plateau section for enhanced cooling of the second heat sink, or air passages which include internal air passage slots opening an internal portion of the air passages in the plateau section for enhanced cooling of the second heat sink, or air passages which are repositioned to maximize exposure of the air passages to receive air from the alternating current generator, or air passages which include bottom channels formed in the second heat sink for receiving air from the bottom of the second heat sink for enhanced cooling of the second heat sink, or diode receiving holes which are separated by a substantially same distance between each other for balancing thermal stress resulting in uniform heat conduction by the second heat sink, or a second area of the second heat sink includes ridges to increase a surface area of the second area for enhanced cooling of the second heat sink.

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Founded in 1989,ZENLI RECTIFIER CO.,LTD specialty in design,research,manufacture,sale of power semiconductor,Company sit at “China-Electrics-City”-LiuShi, Wenzhou, Land area 5000m2, building area 3500m2, . Major product: Diode, Thyristor, Bridge Rectifier, Power Modules, Solid State Relay, Semiconductor Subassembly and so on.Author: Qiao Rui

Requirements For Starting A Towing Services Business

By Adriana J. Noton

Offering towing services can be a very profitable business venture nowadays. High demand for the services currently is owed to the significantly large increase in the automobile numbers in the roads. This has led to a large number of traffic rules violators, accidents and also emergency breakdown of the vehicles. That is when towing is required. But before starting this kind of a business, here are some of the most important things you should consider in order to succeed.

First and foremost, come up with viable business plan to work with. The success of the venture will highly depend on the amount of effort put in the planning stage. This business plan basically lays down the entire requirements and the procedures. It contains the intended sources of capital to start the business, the necessary assets and equipment, license information, insurance requirements and any other relevant information.

After designing a plan, you should proceed to actualize it. Capital is a major requirement when starting any kind of business. Come up with a reliable capital source to finance this operation. The sum may vary depending on the kind and number of service you offer. Some big expenses at start-up may be incurred while purchasing tow trucks and license fees.


Before commencement of any business, licensing is major necessity. You ought to acquire one after paying the stipulated license fee which is determined and regulated by the licensing body in your city or country. Retaining the document ensures smooth operation and prevents you from colliding with the authorities. It acts as prove of license fee payment and permission to run this kind of business.

The most important asset to own for any investor in this venture is a tow truck. It will cost you quite a sum of money to acquire the right truck for the job. Proceed to hire a qualified driver for the tow truck. The safety of the truck greatly depends on the level of experience possessed by the driver. He/she should have an understanding of the operations involved.

Take time to familiarize yourself with the procedures involved in the business. You can approach a colleague within the same industry and inquire to establish what challenges to expect. Acquaintance with the local police officers can be a big boost to the business since they frequently demand these services when handling accident cases. They will be able to contact you whenever they need towing services.

Investing in emergency phone numbers can be a profitable move. People in need of such service will easily contact you. It should be open all the time, both day and night. Full time operation guarantees maximum profitability. Hire workers to alternate working shifts.

As time goes by, you can increase your investment by acquiring more tow trucks for the business. Widen your client base by advertisement of your services. Enlisting your contacts in the local business directories helps new clients contact your firm whenever searching to contract a towing services provider. Consideration of these points guarantees a profitable business.

About the Author: Are you looking for the emergency road services provider? Then be sure to visit premium Towing Burlington company which offers reputable and affordable solution.


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